A callus is a Thickened and Hardened part of the skin or soft tissue especially in an area that has been subjected to friction. It could also be the bony healing tissue which forms around the ends of broken bones. A hard formation of tissue, especially new tissue formed for a wound.
Calluses and corns are caused by repeated pressure of friction on a area of skin. The pressure causes the skin to die and form a hard protective surface, a soft corn is formed in the same way, except when sweat is trapped where the corn develops the hard core softens. This usually occurs between toes.
A hard corn is medically called Heloma Durum, while Heloma Molle is the soft one.
These calluses and corns may go away by themselves eventually, once the irritation is consistently avoided. They may also dissolve with ketolytic agents that contain salicylic acid sanded down with a pumice stone or filed down with a callus shaver. Or pared down by a professional such as podiatrist or a foot health practioner.
The primary treatment for corns and callus would involve avoiding the repetitive actions that caused them to develop. It can be resolved by wearing shoes that fit right, using protective pads and taking other self care measures. If the callus persists various medical interventions are available, like
Trimming away excess skin the doctor pares down the thickened skin or trim a large corn with a scalpel usually in the out-patient. Medications like 40% salicylic acid are often used, these are also available as over the counter patches. It is a good idea to use a pumice stone or a nail file or emery board to smooth away the dead skin before applying a new patch. Antibiotic ointments maybe suggested by doctors to reduce the risk of infection. Shoe inserts are often prescribed by doctors to prevent recurring corns or calluses, if there are any underlying deformities.
On an body plane or metaphysically feet are dead give ways of the current situation in your life, this is an extension of reflexology or a technique in itself.
Metaphysically, corns, callus, and blisters represent someone or causing friction in your life, or you are protecting yourself from something. The right foot represents how you engage with the outside world, or your masculine side, the emotions represented starting from the big toes, each toe represents, joy, desire, decisiveness, attachment and fear.
The left foot indicates our relationship with ourselves, besides representing emotions; the toes of the left foot also represent the five elements. That is the ether, air, fire, water and earth in the order beginning with the big toe. The left also indicates the feminine aspect of us, and the emotions that the left side represent are sorrow, creativity, love and trust.
If one were to look at the chakra system then ether toe is the throat chakra, the air toe represents the heart chakra, the fire toe represents the solar plexus, the water toe is the sacral chakra and the earth toe is the base chakra.
What I would do in my clinic is the out patient do the cleaning up of the callus, and teach the patient basic foot care, from there depending on the area disturbed we would begin healing with addressing the friction in a trance.
If the patient is diabetic then the capillaries are involved so the hypnotherapy would take another route. As Metaphysically we would be dealing with other issues. Though organ regeneration is a major game changer here.